OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY

Long-term soil productivity in christmas tree farms of oregon and washington: A comparative analysis between first- and multi-rotation plantations

TitleLong-term soil productivity in christmas tree farms of oregon and washington: A comparative analysis between first- and multi-rotation plantations
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsHatten J, Landgren C, Hart J
JournalForests
Volume5
Issue10
Pagination2581 - 2593
Date Published2014///
KeywordsChristmas tree, Long-term soil productivity, Soil calcium, Soil carbon, Soil compaction, Soil nutrients
Abstract

Christmas tree production removes organic matter and associated nutrients from a site and can change soil physical properties, reduce mycorrhizal populations, and result in pesticide over-use/accumulation. These impacts have been implicated in potential field productivity declines. Assessing Christmas tree productivity is complicated by genetics, management, and market forces. We approached the perceived or possible productivity decline by examining soil properties on 22 pairs of sites. Each pair was comprised of an early rotation and late rotation plot with 1 and 3 or more rotations of Christmas trees, respectively. All sites were located on commercial Christmas tree plantations from the major production areas in Washington and Oregon. Chemical properties assessed to 45cm included pH, total C and N, and extractable P, K, Ca, and Mg. Soil physical properties assessed included aggregate stability and soil resistance. In general, we found little impact on soil resources that would impact long term production of Christmas trees. These impacts may have been mitigated by farmers following extension service recommendations. Nitrogen, K, and Ca appeared to be primarily affected by harvesting, but replacement by fertilizer application was probably adequate.

URLhttp://www.mdpi.com/1999-4907/5/10/2581